AskDefine | Define magazines

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

magazines
  1. Plural of magazine.

French

Noun

m|p
  1. Plural of magazine

Extensive Definition

Magazines, periodicals or serials are publications, generally published on a regular schedule, containing a variety of articles, generally financed by advertising, by a purchase price, or both.

Publication

The various elements that contribute to the production of magazines vary wildly. Core elements such as publishing schedules, formats and target audiences are seemingly infinitely variable. Typically, magazines which focus primarily on current events, such as Newsweek or Entertainment Weekly, are published weekly or biweekly. Magazines with a focus on specific interests, such as Life Positive and Cat Fancy, may be published less frequently, such as monthly, bimonthly or quarterly. A magazine will usually have a date on the cover which often is later than the date it is actually published. Current magazines are generally available at bookstores and newsstands, while subscribers can receive them in the mail. Many magazines also offer a 'back issue' service for previously published editions.
Most magazines produced on a commercial scale are printed using a web offset process. The magazine is printed in sections, typically of 16 pages, which may be black-and-white, be in full colour, or use spot colour. These sections are then bound, either by stapling them within a soft cover in a process sometimes referred to as 'saddle-stitching', or by gluing them together to form a spine, a process often called 'perfect-binding'
Magazines are also published on the internet. Many magazines are available both on the internet and in hard copy, usually in different versions, though some are only available in hard copy or only via the internet: the latter are known as online magazines.
Most magazines are available in the whole of the country in which they are published, although some are distributed only in specific regions or cities. Others are available internationally, often in different editions for each country or area of the world, varying to some degree in editorial and advertising content but not entirely dissimilar

Categories

Magazines fall into two broad categories: consumer magazines and business magazines. In practice, magazines are a subset of periodicals, distinct from those periodicals produced by scientific, artistic, academic or special interest publishers which are subscription-only, more expensive, narrowly limited in circulation, and often have little or no advertising. Many business magazines are available only, or predominantly, on subscription. In some cases these subscriptions are available to any person prepared to pay; in others, free subscriptions are available to readers who meet a set of criteria established by the publisher. This practice, known as controlled circulation, is intended to guarantee to advertisers that the readership is relevant to their needs: they can assure their advertisers that most or all of their subscribers are in a position to buy the goods or services advertised. Very often the two models, of paid-for subscriptions and controlled circulation, are mixed. Advertising is also an important source of revenue for business magazines.

Other publications

Although similar to a magazine in some respects, an academic periodical featuring scholarly articles written in a more specialist register is usually called an "academic journal". Such publications typically carry little or no advertising. Articles are vetted by referees or a board of esteemed academics in the subject area.

History

The Gentleman's Magazine, first published in 1731, in London, is considered to have been the first general-interest magazine. Edward Cave, who edited The Gentleman's Magazine under the pen name "Sylvanus Urban", was the first to use the term "magazine" (meaning "storehouse") for a periodical.
magazines in Arabic: مجلة
magazines in Belarusian: Часопіс
magazines in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa): Часопіс
magazines in Bosnian: Magazin
magazines in Bulgarian: Списание
magazines in Catalan: Revista
magazines in Chuvash: Журнал
magazines in Czech: Časopis
magazines in Danish: Tidsskrift
magazines in German: Zeitschrift
magazines in Spanish: Revista
magazines in Esperanto: Revuo
magazines in Basque: Aldizkari
magazines in Persian: مجله
magazines in French: Magazine
magazines in Galician: Revista
magazines in Korean: 잡지
magazines in Indonesian: Majalah
magazines in Icelandic: Tímarit
magazines in Hebrew: כתב עת
magazines in Lithuanian: Žurnalas (spauda)
magazines in Malay (macrolanguage): Majalah
magazines in Dutch: Tijdschrift
magazines in Japanese: 雑誌
magazines in Norwegian: Tidsskrift
magazines in Norwegian Nynorsk: Tidsskrift
magazines in Narom: Magâsîn
magazines in Uzbek: Jurnal
magazines in Polish: Czasopismo
magazines in Portuguese: Revista
magazines in Russian: Журнал
magazines in Simple English: Magazine
magazines in Slovak: Časopis
magazines in Slovenian: Revija
magazines in Serbian: Модни часопис
magazines in Finnish: Aikakauslehti
magazines in Swedish: Tidskrift
magazines in Tagalog: Magasin
magazines in Thai: นิตยสาร
magazines in Turkish: Dergi
magazines in Ukrainian: Журнал
magazines in Walloon: Rivowe
magazines in Yiddish: מאגאזינע
magazines in Contenese: 雜誌
magazines in Chinese: 杂志
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